angel's Blog

Thursday, 25 February 2010

The Uniqueness of Funeral in Toraja

Each area has a tradition to respect death. If in Bali we are familiar with the term Ngaben, in North Sumatra, Sarimatua, then in Tana Toraja Rambu ceremony known as Solo '. Equation of the three: the ritual ceremonies of death and burial. In Tana Toraja itself has two major traditional ceremonies are Rambu Solo 'and Rambu Tuka. Signs Solo 'is a funeral, while signs Tuka, is a housewarming ceremonies of the new custom, or who had just completed renovated. Here I will tell you about the ceremony deaths in Tana Toraja.

Signs Solo 'is a show very festive tradition in Tana Toraja, because it takes days to celebrate. The ceremony is usually held during the day, when the sun began leaning to the west and usually takes 2-3 days. Even up to two weeks for the aristocracy. Her own grave is made at the top of the cliff at the height of the rock.

Because according to the trust Aluk To Dolo (Tana Toraja people's confidence first, before the entry of Christianity and Islam) among the people of Tana Toraja, the higher the body was placed, so the sooner his soul to paradise.

This ceremony is for each community group must be different. When the nobleman who died, then the number of buffalo that will be cut for the purpose of the event was far more than for those who are not royal. For the royal family, the number of buffalo may range from 24 to 100 buffalos. While middle-class residents are required to slaughtering buffalos 8 plus 50 pigs, and long ceremony about 3 days.

But, before the amount was insufficient, the body should not be buried in the cliffs or in high places. Hence, the body often stored for years in Tongkonan (Toraja traditional house) until finally the family of the late / deceased can prepare the sacrificial animals. But for adherents of Christianity and Islam today, the body can be buried in the ground first, then dug up after the family is ready to perform this ceremony.

For people Tana Toraja, the dead person does not in itself a degree of the dead. For them before the ceremony Rambu Solo 'then the person who died was regarded as a sick man. Because the status is still 'sick', then the man who died had to be admitted and treated like people who are still alive, like with her, providing food, beverages and tobacco or betel. Things that are usually done by a ghost, must continue to run as usual.

The body was moved from the funeral home to the first tongkonan (tongkonan tammuon), which is tongkonan where he came from. There is slaughter of buffalos 1 as a sacrifice or in the language Torajanya Ma'tinggoro Tedong, which is typical of the way Toraja slaughter, cutting buffalo with a machete with a single blow alone. Buffalo to be slaughtered was moored at a rock called Stone Simbuang. After that, the buffalo had been cut and the meat distributed to those present.

The body was in the first tongkonan (tongkonan tammuon) just a day, then the next day the body will be moved again to be somewhat tongkonan up again, namely tongkonan barebatu, and even here, the procession together with the first tongkonan, the slaughter of the buffalo and the meat will distributed to the people around tongkonan it.

Signs show the entire procession Solo 'is always done during the day. That afternoon at around 11:30 Central Indonesian Time (Wita), we all arrived at tongkonan barebatu, because today is the day of the transfer of bodies from tongkonan barebatu to Rante (the field where the event took place).

The body was carried using duba-duba (bier typical Toraja). In front there duba-duba-Lamba Lamba (long red cloth, usually located in front of the coffin the corpse, and in the procession pengarakan, the fabric is pulled by the women in the family).

The procession of the body pengarakan tongkonan Rante barebatu to do after church and lunch. It was only the spirits come close family carrying the coffin. The men who raised the coffin, while an attractive woman-Lamba Lamba.

In pengarakan sequences are to be carried out, in the first place we would see people carrying a huge gong, and then followed by tompi saratu (or what we usually familiar with the banners), and right behind a row of saratu tompi tedong (buffalo) followed by Lamba Lamba-final and then duba-duba.

The body will be interred in Rante (special field where the procession took place), there was standing loud (temporary houses made of bamboo and wood) that have been given a number. Loud itself serves as the home of relatives who came later. Because during the event they all did not return to their homes but staying in a loud voice that has been provided by the grieving families.

Funeral procession finally reached the Rante which will be placed in lakkien (tower where the corpse during the procession disemayamkannya progress). The tower is the tallest building in the loud-loud in Rante. Lakkien made of bamboo trees in the Toraja traditional house forms. The body was laid on top before lakkien will be buried. Rante ready in two water buffaloes to be slashed.

After the body arrived at the lakkien, the next event is the reception area, the relatives who came from around the country. In the afternoon after the procession finished reception, followed by entertainment for the family and invited guests who came, by exposing ma'pasilaga tedong (buffalo race). What a crowded audience, because during the ceremony Rambu Solo ', ruminant animal contest is an event that is eagerly awaited.

Over the next few days and the reception of buffalo race is the agenda of the next event, held the reception continues until all the guests are in the space provided is loud in the Rante. In the afternoon contest was always held buffalo, this is a mainstream entertainment by the people of Tana Toraja up until the day of burial. Whether it is buried in the cliffs or in patane '(tombs of traditional wooden house)


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